Quantum Computers

Quantum Hardware Outlook

Quantum Hardware Outlook 2020

2019 saw Google finally demonstrate quantum supremacy. Competitors such as IBM reminded us that this was just an opening skirmish in what will be a long campaign. In 2020 we will see paths divide as competing companies and technologies face-up to the quantum chasm blocking the way to large quantum computers. The hard road to…

Quantum supremacy

Quantum supremacy – a new era?

Google claims quantum supremacy – the ability to perform a calculation beyond the reach of conventional computers. This is a landmark scientific, mathematical and technical achievement. But as many such as IBM point out we should all beware of hype. The road to general purpose quantum computing remains a long one. Google has published a…

Quantum Error Correction - from geek to superhero

Quantum error correction – from geek to superhero

Quantum computers can only realise their full potential by defeating the noise that plagues their delicate qubits. The field of quantum error correction offers some increasingly mature solutions. But it is also still a rapidly evolving discipline, and innovation here, as much as in hardware, will shape the future quantum computing roadmap. If 50-70 qubits are…

Introduction to Fault Tolerant Quantum Computation

Introduction to fault tolerant quantum computation

Right from the conception of quantum computers it was realised that controlling the build-up of errors in quantum computations is a key problem. Theoretical progress over the last 25 years has led to the development of techniques ready to meet this challenge. This introduction is for readers interested in the terminology of quantum error correcting…

Quantum Software - over-hyped but underestimated

Quantum software – over-hyped but underestimated

The advantages a quantum computer can offer depend on the quantum algorithms it can run and also how easily we can get data in and out of the system. Today’s hardware is still well short of the universal quantum dream and, in truth, the most often discussed benefits are still many years away. However the…

Quantum Europe

Europe’s drive to create wealth from Quantum Technology

The focus of the EU’s €1b Quantum Flagship programme is not basic science, nor is it simply about bringing new technologies to market. The end-goal is driving wealth creation, jobs and societal benefits in Europe. This requires kick-starting the competitive position of European industry in this sector and making Europe the region of choice for…

Quantum Outlook

Quantum Outlook 2019

2018 has seen rising awareness of the future potential of quantum technology. 2019 is set to see quantum computing in particular at the peak of its hype cycle. Fact Based Insight believes that investors should take a wide view of the sector to find value in the short, medium and long term. The road to…

Integrated phontonics chip

Looking beyond quantum supremacy

Striking progress modelling molecular vibrations with a quantum simulator brings the abstract quest for quantum supremacy into context. Is this a pointer to medium term commercial applications? The world is waiting for a first demonstration of quantum supremacy,  a computation not practical on any conventional computer. However behind that headline will lie a number of…

Quantum computing race

Qubit technology: global field microwave trapped ions

Are quantum majors Google, IBM, Intel and Alibaba backing the right technologies for the long term? Quantum majors Google, IBM, Intel and Alibaba, together with startup Rigetti have so far focussed on building quantum devices based on superconducting qubits. Many expect that quantum supremacy will soon be demonstrated based on such a device. But how…

Quantum Strategy

Quantum strategies in the NISQ era

We are about to enter a new transitional phase in the development of quantum technology. Behind the headlines there are a diversity of strategies available for those wanting to get on board. In 2012 Caltech professor John Preskill coined the term quantum supremacy for the quest to demonstrate a calculation on a quantum device that…